Bibliography on Automated Question Answering

  1. Steven Abney, Michael Collins, and Amit Singhal. Answer Extraction. Proceedings of ANLP 2000. Seattle, WA. April 29 - May 3, 2000. (PDF)
  2. Eugene Agichtei, and Luis Gravano. Snowball: Extracting Relations from Large Plain-Text Collections. Proceeding of the 5th ACM International Conference on Digital Libraries (DL'00). San Antonio, TX. June 2-7, 2000. (PDF)
  3. Eugene Agichtei, Steve Lawrence, and Luis Gravano. Learning Search Engine Specific Query Transformations for Question Answering. Tenth World Wide Web Conference. Hong Kong, China. May 1-5, 2001. (PDF)
  4. Diego Mollá Aliod, Jawad Berri, Michael Hess. A Real World Implementation of Answer Extraction. Proceeding of the 9th International Workshop on Database and Expert Systems Applications Workshop "Natural Language and Information Systems" (NLIS?98). Vienna, Austrlia. August 26-28, 1998. (PDF)
  5. Eric Breck, John Burger, Lisa Ferro, David House, Marc Light, and Inderjeet Mani. A sys called Qanda. Eighth Text REtrieval Conference (TREC-8). Gaithersburg, MD. November 17-19, 1999. (PDF)
  6. Eric Breck, John Burger, Lisa Ferro, Warren Greiff, Marc Light, Inderjeet Mani, and Jason Rennie. Another sys called Qanda. Ninth Text REtrieval Conference(TREC-9). Gaithersburg, MD. November 13-16, 2000. (PDF)
  7. Eric J. Breck, John D. Burger , Lisa Ferro, Lynette Hirschman, David House, Marc Light, and Inderjeet Mani. How to Evaluate Your Question Answering System Every Day and Still Get Real Work Done. Proceedings of LREC-2000, Second International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation. 2000. (PDF)
  8. Eric Breck, Marc Light, Gideon S. Mann, Ellen Riloff, Brianne Brown Pranav Anand, Mats Rooth, and Michael Thelen. Looking Under the Hood : Tools for Diagnosing your Question Answering Engine. Proceedings of the Workshop on Open-Domain Question Answering. Toulouse, France. July 6-11, 2001. (PDF)
  9. Jay Budzik and Kristian J. Hammond. Learning for Question Answering and Text Classification: Integrating Knowledge-Based and Statistical Techniques. AAAI Workshop on Text Classification. Menlo Park, CA. 1998. (PDF)
  10. Jay Budzik, Kristian Hammond. Q&A: A system for the Capture, Organization and Reuse of Expertise. Proceedings of the ASIS 1999 Annual Conference. Washington, DC. October 31 - November 4, 1999. (PS)
  11. John Burger et al. Issues, Tasks and Program Structures to Roadmap Research in Question & Answering (Q&A). NIST. 2001. (WORD)
  12. Claire Cardie, Vincent Ng, David Pierce, and Chris Buckley. Examining the Role of Statistical and Linguistic Knowledge Sources in a General-Knowledge Question-Answering System. Proceedings of the Sixth Applied Natural Language Processing Conference (ANLP-2000). Association for Computational Linguistics / Morgan Kaufmann. April 29 - May 3, 2000. (PS)
  13. Peter Clark, John Thompson, and Bruce Porter. A knowledge-based approach to question-answering. AAAI'99 Fall Symposium on Question-Answering Systems. Orlando, Florida. November, 1999. (PS)
  14. Charles L. A. Clarke, Gordon V. Cormack, D. I. E. Kisman, and Thomas R. Lynam. Question Answering by Passage Selection. Ninth Text REtrieval Conference(TREC-9). Gaithersburg, MD. November 13-16, 2000. (PS)
  15. Charles L. A. Clarke, Gordon V. Cormack and Thomas R. Lynam. Exploiting Redundancy in Question Answering. Proceedings of the 24th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval. New Orleans. September, 2001. (PS)
  16. Rich Caruana, Paul G. Hodor, and John Rosenberg. High Precision Information Extraction. KDD-2000 Workshop on Text Mining. Boston, MA. August 20-23, 2000. (PS)
  17. Olivier Ferret, Brigitte Grau, Martine Hurault-Plantet, Gabriel Illouz, and Christian Jacquemin. Document selection refinement based on linguistic features for QALC, a Question Answering system. RANLP - 2001. Tzigov Chark, Bulgaria. 5-7 Septembre 2001. (PDF)
  18. Atsushi Fujii, Tetsuya Ishikawa. Organizing Encyclopedic Knowledge based on the Web and its Application to Question Answering. Proceedings of the 39th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL-EACL 2001). Toulouse, France. July 6-11, 2001. (PDF)
  19. Robert Gaizauskas, and Kevin Humphreys. A Combined IR/NLP Approach to Question Answering Against Large Text Collections. Proceedings of RIAO 2000: Content-Based Multimedia Information Access. Paris, France. April, 2000. (PDF)
  20. Sanda Harabagiu, Dan Moldovan, Marius Pasca, Rada Mihalcea, Mihai Surdeanu, Razvan Bunescu, Roxana Girju, Vasile Rus and Paul Morarescu. FALCON: Boosting Knowledge for Answer Engines. Proceedings of the Text Retrieval Conference (TREC-9). Gaithersburg, MD. November 13-16, 2000. (PS)
  21. Sanda Harabagiu and Steven Maiorano. Finding Answers in Large Collections of Texts: Paragraph Indexing + Abductive Inference. AAAI Fall Symposium on Question Answering Systems. Orlando, Florida. November, 1999. (PS)
  22. Sanda Harabagiu, Dan Moldovan, Marius Pasca, Mihai Surdeanu, Rada Mihalcea, Roxana Girju, Vasile Rus, Finley Lacatusu, Paul Morarescu and Razvan Bunescu. Answering Complex, List and Context Questions with LCC's Question-Answering Server. Tenth Text REtrieval Conference (TREC-10). Gaithersburg, MD. November 13-16, 2001. (PDF)
  23. Sanda Harabagiu and Marius Pasca. Mining Textual Answers with Knowledge-Based Indicators, Proceedings of FLAIRS-2000. Orlando FL. May 2000. (PS)
  24. Sanda Harabagiu, Marius Pasca, and Steven Maiorano. Experiments with open-domain textual question answering. COLING-2000. Association for Computational Linguistics/Morgan Kaufmann, Aug 2000. (PDF)
  25. Ulf Hermjakob. Parsing and Question Classification for Question Answering. Proceedings of the Workshop on Open-Domain Question Answering at ACL-2001. Toulouse, France. July 6-11, 2001. (PDF)
  26. Lynette Hirschman, R. Gaizauskas. Natural Language Question Answering: The View from Here. Natural Language Engineering. 2001. (PDF)
  27. Eduard Hovy, Laurie Gerber, Ulf Hermjakob, Michael Junk, Chin-Yew Lin. Question Answering in Webclopedia. Ninth Text REtrieval Conference(TREC-9). Gaithersburg, MD. November 13-16, 2000. (PDF)
  28. Boris Katz. From Sentence Processing to Information Access on the World Wide Web. AAAI Spring Symposium on Natural Language Processing for the World Wide Web. Stanford, California. 1997. (HTML)
  29. Vlado Kešelj. Question Answering using Unification-based Grammar. Advances in Artificial Intelligence, AI 2001, volume LNAI 2056 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Ottawa, Canada. June 2001. (PS)
  30. Cody C. T. Kwok, Oren Etzioni, Daniel S. Weld. Scaling Question Answeringto the Web. Tenth World Wide Web Conference. May 1-5, 2001. Hong Kong, China. (PDF)
  31. Xiaoyan Li. and W. Bruce Croft. Evaluating Question Answering Techniques in Chinese. Proceeding of HLT 2001. San Diego, CA. March 18-21, 2001. (PDF)
  32. Marc Light, Gideon S. Mann, Ellen Riloff, and Eric Breck. Analyses for Elucidating Current Question Answering Technology. Natural Language Engineering. Cambridge University Press. 2001. ( PDF )
  33. Dekang Lin and Patrick Pantel. Discovery of Inference Rules for Question Answering. Journal of Natural Language Engineering. Fall-Winter 2001. (PDF)
  34. Jimmy Lin. The Web as a Resource for Question Answering: Perspective and Challenges. Proceedings of the third International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2002). Las Palmas, Canary Islands, Spain. May, 2002. (PDF)
  35. Kenneth C. Litkowski. Question-Answering Using Semantic Triples. Eighth Text REtrieval Conference (TREC-8). Gaithersburg, MD. November 17-19, 1999. (HTML)
  36. Kenneth C. Litkowski. Syntactic Clues and Lexical Resources in Question-Answering. Ninth Text REtrieval Conference(TREC-9). Gaithersburg, MD. November 13-16, 2000. (HTML)
  37. Bernardo Magnini and Roberto Prevete. Exploiting Lexical Expansions and Boolean Compositions for Web Querying, ACL'2000 Workshop on Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing and Information Retrieval. Hong Kong, China. October 8, 2000 (PDF)
  38. Mark T. Maybury. Adaptive Multimedia Information Access -- Ask Questions, Get Answers. First International Conference on Adaptive Hypertext (AH 00). Trento, Italy. August 29, 2000. (PDF)
  39. Thomas S. Morton. Using Coreference for Question Answering. ACL Workshop on Coreference and Its Applications. College Park, MD. June 22, 1999. (PS)
  40. Hwee Tou Ng, Jennifer Lai Pheng Kwan, and Yiyuan Xia. Question Answering Using a Large Text Database: A Machine Learning Approach. Proceedings of the 2001 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP 2001). Pittsburgh, PA. June 3-4, 2001. (PDF)
  41. Marius Pasca and Sanda Harabagiu: High-Performance Question/Answering. 24th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval (Sigir-01). New Orleans, LA. September 9-13, 2001. (PS)
  42. Ellen Riloff, and Michael Thelen. A Rule-based Question Answering System for Reading Comprehension Tests. ANLP/NAACL-2000 Workshop on Reading Comprehension Tests as Evaluation for Computer-Based Language Understanding Systems. Seattle, WA. April 29 - May 3, 2000. (PS)
  43. Sam Scott, and Robert Gaizauskas. University of Sheffield Trec-9 Q&A System. Ninth Text REtrieval Conference(TREC-9). Gaithersburg, MD. November 13-16, 2000. (PDF)
  44. M. M. Soubbotin, S. M. Soubbotin. Patterns of Potential Answer Expressions as Clues to the Right Answers. Tenth Text REtrieval Conference (TREC-10). Gaithersburg, MD. November 13-16, 2001. (PDF)
  45. Rohini Srihari and Wei Li. Information Extraction Supported Question Answering. Eighth Text REtrieval Conference (TREC-8). Gaithersburg, MD. November 17-19, 1999. (PDF)
  46. Ellen Voorhees. QA Track Overview (TREC) 2001. Ninth Text REtrieval Conference(TREC-9). Gaithersburg, MD. November 13-16, 2000. (HTML)
  47. Ellen Voorhees, and Dawn M. Tice. Implementing a Question Answering Evaluation. Proceedings of the Workshop Using Evaluation within HLT Programs: Results and Trends. Athens, Greece. May 30, 2000. (PS)
  48. Zhiping Zheng. AnswerBus Question Answering System. Proceeding of HLT Human Language Technology Conference (HLT 2002). San Diego, CA. March 24 - 27, 2002. (PDF)

Courses and Slides Related to Question Answering

  1. Vinay K. Chaudhri (SRI): Question Answering Systems
  2. Vinay K. Chaudhri, Richard Waldinger, Mark Stickel, and John Lowrance (SRI): Crisis Management Knowledge Base
  3. Peter Clark (Boeing Research): Question-Answering Methods
  4. Peter Clark, Bruce Porter, and John Thompson (U. Texas): Knowledge-Based Question-Answering
  5. Computing Research Laboratory at New Mexico State University: Knowledge Based Question Answering
  6. David Eichmann (U. Iowa): Questions and Answers on the Web
  7. Robert Gaizauskas, and Sam Scott (U Sheffield): Is that Your Final Answer? The Role of Confidence in Question Answering Systems
  8. Lynette Hirschman (MITRE): Deep Read: Natural Language Understanding Grand Challange Application
  9. Adele Howe (Colorado State U.): Artificial Intelligence
  10. Alison Huettner (ClariTech): Question and Answering
  11. Elizabeth D. Liddy (Syracuse University): When You Want an Answer, Why Settle for A List?
  12. Marc Light (MITRE): Answer Extraction for Information Retrieval
  13. Ryan McCabe, and M. Chase Smith (U. Massachusetts): Question Answering
  14. Christof Monz and Maarten de Rijke (Universiteit van Amsterdam): Corpus-Based Question Answering
  15. Johanna Moore (U. Edinburgh): Introduction to Computational Linguistics (2001)
  16. Günter Neumann (DFKI): Information Extraction and Question-Answering Systems: Foundations and Methods
  17. Bernard Normier (LexiQuest): From String Indexing to Semantic Indexing. The example of Lexisez, an NLP-based question / answering system
  18. Michael Pazzani (UC Irvine): Question Answering
  19. Rolf Schwitter (Macquarie University): Interactive Natural Language Systems ( Lectures Tutorials Practicals )
  20. Bonnie Webber, and Johan Bos (U. Edinburgh): Edinburgh Question-Answering Reading Group (Fall 2001)
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